Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dspace.lemonjar.com.my/jspui/handle/123456789/193
Title: Directorate S: The C.I.A. and America's Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan
Authors: Steve Coll
Issue Date:  12
Abstract: Prior to 9/11, the United States had been carrying out small-scale covert operations in Afghanistan, ostensibly in cooperation, although often in direct opposition, with I.S.I., the Pakistani intelligence agency. While the US was trying to quell extremists, a highly secretive and compartmentalized wing of I.S.I., known as "Directorate S," was covertly training, arming, and seeking to legitimize the Taliban, in order to enlarge Pakistan's sphere of influence. After 9/11, when fifty-nine countries, led by the U. S., deployed troops or provided aid to Afghanistan in an effort to flush out the Taliban and Al Qaeda, the U.S. was set on an invisible slow-motion collision course with Pakistan.
URI: http://dspace.lemonjar.com.my/jspui/handle/123456789/193
Appears in Collections:Computer Engineering Book

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